Oct11 - Verbs: Principle Parts and Perfect Active Stem Oct....

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Verbs: Principle Parts and Perfect Active Stem Oct. 11, 2011
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Principle Parts A regular dictionary entry for verbs gives four “principle parts.” Today we will learn three. 1. Present Active Indicative: laudō (I praise) 2. Present Active Infinitive: laudāre (to praise) 3. Perfect Active Indicative: laudāvī (I praised)
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Second principle part: infinitive You can tell what conjugation a verb belongs to by the ending of its second principle part: 1. First conjugation ( -āre ): laudō, laud āre , laudāvī 2. Second conjugation ( -ēre ): sedeō, sed ēre , sēdī 3. Third conjugation ( -ere ): ago, ag ere , ēgī 4. Fourth conjugation ( -īre ): audiō, aud īre , audīvī
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Present Active Stem Find the present active stem by dropping the “re” ending from the second principle part: laudāre (to praise)  laudā- sēdēre (to sit)  sēdē- agere (to do)  age- audīre (to hear)  audī- The present active stem is used in the present tense and the imperfect tense.
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Oct11 - Verbs: Principle Parts and Perfect Active Stem Oct....

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