Sept27 - Nominative: puella ambulat. Genitive: pater...

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Latin in European Linguistic History; and Noun Declensions Sept. 27, 2011
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Noun Cases Nominative subject Genitive possession (of) Dative indirect object (to/for) Accusative direct object Ablative modifies verb (often using a preposition: in, on, etc.)
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Declensions Case First Declension Second Declension Nominativ e puella -a servus -us Genitive Dative Accusativ e puellam -am servum -um Ablative
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Declensions Case First Declension Second Declension Nominativ e puella -a servus -us Genitive puellae -ae servī Dative Accusativ e puellam -am servum -um Ablative
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Finding the noun base To find the noun base, drop the genitive ending. First declension: puellae  (drop the -ae)  puell- Second declension: servī  (drop the -ī)  serv-
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Declensions Case First Declension Second Declension Nominativ e puella -a servus -us Genitive puellae -ae servī Dative puellae -ae servō Accusativ e puellam -am servum -um Ablative puellā servō
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Examples: First Declension
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Unformatted text preview: Nominative: puella ambulat. Genitive: pater pictram puellae laudat. Dative: pater pictram puellae dat. Accusative: pater puellam laudat. Ablative: pater cum puell ambulat. Examples: Second Declension Nominative: servus labrat. Genitive: dominus pictram serv laudat. Dative: dominus pictram serv dat. Accusative: dominus servum laudat. Ablative: dominus cum serv ambulat. Dictionary Entries for Nouns Nominative singular, genitive singular, gender puella, puellae, f. servus, serv, m. The genitive case immediately tells you which declension the noun belongs to (-ae for first declension; - for second declension), and then you know how to decline it (by adding the proper case ending to the noun base)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2012 for the course LANGUAGE 1 taught by Professor Jennylynn during the Fall '11 term at UCSC.

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Sept27 - Nominative: puella ambulat. Genitive: pater...

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