HW3 - Introduction to Linguistics Homework 3(100 points Due...

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1 Introduction to Linguistics Homework 3 (100 points) Due Friday, July 2 nd at the beginning of class 1. (25 pts.) For each of the following broadly transcribed words, please give the word’s English spelling and a narrow transcription of how you say the word. Where appropriate, use the diacritics and extra IPA symbols that we’ve discussed in class, which are given for you at the end of the homework prompt. / əˌlɛktɹəˈkjuʃən / / fəˈlænθɹəpi / / ˈætəˌtud / / ɹiˈkælkjuˌle͡ɪt / / ˈpɹɪnsəpəl / / ˈsɝkəmˌvɛnt / / ˈbɑtjulɪzəm / / ˌsænəˈte͡ɪʃən / / ˌzo͡ʊəˈlɑd͡ʒɪkəl / / ˈɑltɚ / 2. (12 pts.) The following are four sentences that have been narrowly transcribed as they might be uttered in a casual speech style. Please transliterate them back into English orthography. In some cases, there may be more than one way to spell a particular contraction. For instance, a contraction like [ ˈɡɑɾə ] could be transliterated either as “gotta” or “got to”; either spelling is fine to use. a. [ a͡ɪ ˈ d a͡ʊɾ iz ðæʔ ˌkʰɛɹfɫ̩ ] … b. [ ɑɹ j ə ˌɡʌɾ̃ə ˈpʰɹ̥æ̃ŋk̚ˌkʰɑɫ m̩ ],[ ɚ ˈnɑʔ ] ? c. [j ə ɾõ͡ʊ̃ʔ ˌno͡ʊ wət͡ʃɚ ˈtʰɑkn̩ əˌba͡ʊt̚ ] ! d. [ ˌpʰl̥iːz̥ ˌpʰæs ðə ˈbʌɾɚ ] . 3. (20 pts.) Phonological rules frequently refer to natural classes of sounds, rather than to arbitrary sets of sounds with nothing in common. For instance, we’ve seen that English nouns ending in sibilant fricatives are pluralized by adding [ əz ], while nouns ending in non-sibilants are pluralized by adding either [ s ] or [ z ].
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