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Civil Society in the Developing World

Civil Society in the Developing World - Civil Society and...

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Civil Society and development Image: World Bank site
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Outline What is civil society Definitions Examples Why is it important to the developing world What is its current status Gender Religion examples
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WEEK 10 This session looks at third world society and its impact on both the state and prospects for development. We will consider the role of civil society, and both religion and gender as actors and issues within civil society and in development politics more broadly. QUESTIONS: 1) What is civil society, and why is it considered crucial to democratization? 2) What are the competing definitions of civil society? 3) Why are traditional forms of civil society reappearing in developing countries today, and what functions do they perform? 4) To what extent to civil society organizations represent the population? 5) Discuss the different ways in which civil society organizations relate to the state. 6) What problems can strong organizations of civil society create in weak states? 7) Why are religio-political actors found in so many parts of the developing world? 8) Will poverty-alleviation policies automatically address gender inequalities? 9) Discuss three features of the political structure that open or close spaces for women’s voices, individually and collectively.
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Definitions Hegel : “the realm of organizations that lie between the family at one extreme and the state at the other” (Ottaway, p.122) There is now, however, no accepted definition Why not?
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Definitions - 2 What is wrong with Hegel’s definition? Voluntary association? Are all organizations between the family and the state civil society? Is there a difference between civil and political society? Does all civil society aspire to control the government?
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Definitions - 3 As the influence of the state in development is seen to diminish, the role of civil society increases In particular, this sees the rise of non governmental organizations (NGOs): organizations that operate in civil society and are not part of government or the state (although sometimes dependent, in part,
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