Second Exam Study Guide Essays 1)Industrial Revolution: a) Motives b) Definition/Inventions c) Results/Criticisms 2)Imperialism: a) Definition/Motives b) Example of Imperialism in specific area c) Rebellion Against d) Benefits e) Criticism and Consequences 3)World War I: a) Causes/Belligerents b) Outbreak/Diplomacy c) Military Planning/First Moves d)Fighting e) Result/End I.D’s- PLEASE FOLLOW THIS ORDER: WHEN, WHO, WHERE, WHAT, WHY Conservatism An ideology based around preserving order and tradition in response to the French Revolution. Generally favoring hereditary monarchs Principle of Intervention the Idea that the great powers have the right to use military force to restore order in countries threatened by revolution. (Italy and Spain)Karl Marx Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrineis the best known U.S. policy toward the Western Hemisphere. Buried in a routine annual message delivered to Congress by President James Monroe
in December 1823, the doctrinewarns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs.Opium Wars The Opium Wars were two conflicts fought in China in the mid-19th century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled China from 1644 to 1911/12. The first Opium War (1839–42) was fought between China and Great Britain, and the second Opium War (1856–60), also known as the ArrowWar or the Anglo-French War in China, was fought by Great Britain and France against China. The first Opium War was the result of China’s attempt to suppress the illegal opium trade, which had led to widespread addiction in China and was causing serious social and economic disruption there. British traders were the primary source of the drug in China. The second Opium War was the result of the desire of Great Britain and France to win additional commercial privileges in China, including the legalization of the opium trade, as well as to gain more legal and territorial concessions in China. Boxer Rebellion The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising, or Yihetuan Movement was an anti-imperialist, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.