AID (III) Humanitarian


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Unformatted text preview: EXTERNAL FACTORS AID (III) HUMANITARIAN Dr Michael Keating Rich World Poor World PLT/SCL 206 26 November 2007 Humanitarian Aid Perhaps best summarized by Bob Geldof: But for what? "Give us yer ferkin money!" Where does the money go? What about food, blankets etc? Is this aid effective? What are the consequences? Humanitarian Aid Shortterm relief Emergency funds and disaster relief Famines Floods, Tsunamis Earthquakes Hurricanes, Tornadoes Bushfires Unlike development aid Funded by UN, States, NGOs, Charities Failed States Postcold war World Rise of ethnopolitical conflict globally Collapse of aid competition and support for regimes in Africa Postcolonial state contradictions (patronage vs. development) being resolved in through state collapse Collapse of social, political and economic infrastructure Ethnic cleansing, genocide, civil war, military coups as response to these problems => state collapse => humanitarian crises Civil society versus the state Extrastatal political structures Famine and Politics Armatya Sen Nobel Prize for Economics Demonstrating that famines are never caused by lack of food Irish potato famine potato price higher in Europe so exported Bangladesh famine when grain surplus at its record annual level Darfur government waging war of ethnic cleansing Corruption and Logistical Problems Food aid, medical aid, clothes and blankets no guarantee that they actually get to those who need it Confiscated by governments Resold in international markets or given to militias Distribution problems i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Darfur Food Aid US Government policy on food aid Buys surplus grain of US farmers Only when grain surpluses exist! Send to 3rd World Countries US agribusiness the immediate financial beneficiary of taxpayers money Drives down price of food Pushes 3rd World farmers out of the market Farming collapses mean next year there will be no food hence creating a cycle of famine Not addressing the core problem of poor people The Aid Industry So much money supporting so many NGOs and Aid Agencies Effectively supporting numerous middleclass salary packages NGOs competing with each other For Aid $ On the ground in the delivery of aid Some much more effective than others but this isn't necessarily related to the success of TV campaigns to attract funding NGO corruption i.e. Sally Struthers in South Park Massive coordination problems... Refugee Camps Aid through NGOs and Charities creating massive `refugee camps' Minicities Spreading disease Organising points for militias Violence within refugee camps (i.e. against women and ethnic minorities) Extending the conflict by years? Nigeria, Rwanda Electoral Politics New Labour's election campaign at UK universities Bill Clinton and the Rwandan Genocide Pictures of tortured bunny rabbits Pictures of starving Ethiopians Promises to promote peace, democracy, economic growth in the 3rd World Bill saw it on TV Had to act or face a public backlash the West must be seen to do something Bourgeois Guilt Feel bad because people are starving while you live the high life? Assuage those middleclass guilty feelings by sponsoring a child today! Just $x/month... They will send you photographs and letters (where they are always the same age...) Then you don't actually have to get personally involved Aid Fatigue Humanitarian Aid industry requires constant financial support by the public But people get sick of it Images are shocking at first but people become desensitized... You give money every year but every year there are still starving `ethinopians' Hence aid fatigue and your chance to win a digital sports watch... ...
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