Group Processes_lecture2_2012

Group Processes_lecture2_2012 - Groups and Individuals in...

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Groups and Individuals in Society
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Intergroup Processes Why do some groups have better outcomes than others? How does the social structure affect individual experience and personality? How does group status in society affect group members? Multiple levels: Person, Group, Society
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Social Dominance Theory Some people want to dominate others This tendency leads to group-based dominance in society Groups in societies organize into hierarchies - dominant and subordinate groups
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Social Dominance Theory Some groups enjoy greater positive social value than others Political power, wealth Protection by police/military Food, housing, health Leisure and high-quality education (Pratto & Sidanius, 1993)
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Positive Social Value
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Social Dominance Theory Negative social value forced on subordinate groups Disease Underemployment, dangerous work Punishment (discrimination) Stigma Vilification (negative stereotypes, prejudice) (Pratto, Sidanius, & Levin, 2006)
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Negative Social Value
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Negative Social Value
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Negative Social Value
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Social Dominance Theory How is social dominance maintained? Multiple interacting levels: Individuals (personalities) Intergroup processes (competition) Cultural ideologies (hierarchy is good) Institutional practices (police, school)
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Group Conflict or Consensus? Is force needed to maintain hierarchy between groups? Beliefs shared by groups/societies can also maintain hierarchy and stability
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Minimizing Group Conflict Legitimizing myths – consensually held values, attitudes, beliefs, stereotypes, and cultural ideologies Shared beliefs lead to societal stability Used to justify social dominance E.g., paternalistic methods It is the responsibility of Whites to “look after” Blacks
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Legitimizing Myths Hierarchy-enhancing – provide moral and intellectual justification for group- based oppression and inequality Devine right of kings Religion approved to mandate the law Subordinates collaborate with dominants to maintain hierarchy Hierarchy - fair, legitimate, moral
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Beliefs Racism, sexism, classism Just world beliefs Nationalism Karma and fatalism Manifest Destiny Internal attributions for poverty
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Beliefs
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Beliefs
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Institutions Institutions help reinforce ideological consensus about hierarchy Structure society: sanction social dominance and maintain control
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Institutions
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Institutions
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Hierarchy-Enhancing Institutions
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