lectures3_4_theself - The Self Van Gogh self-portrait What...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Self Van Gogh self-portrait
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is the self? William James’ two aspects of the self: The “I” self The self as an agent Can’t introspect on most “I” processes The “Me” self The self as an object, which we can reflect on Represents knowledge about our selves and relations The term “self-concept” usually refers to the “me” self This is the part we introspect on
Image of page 2
The “Self”: What’s it good for? Most animals get by just fine without self- awareness They have an “I” self, but not a “me” self Most of the time, people aren’t reflecting on the self What does self-awareness add to our social and cognitive abilities? Allows us to consider how others view us Represents a more complex form of social relationships Reputation Theory of mind
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Operationalizing the “Self” How can we operationalize the self? Self-content “What is the self?” List of attributes related to the self Self-structure How do we categorize different aspects of our self? Self-related tendencies Attitude toward the self (e.g., “self-esteem”) Tendency to view self from public vs. private perspective
Image of page 4
Self Structure People define themselves in terms of different roles “Self-aspects” or “working self-concepts” Take, for example, David Koresh: I am….. A musician I am….. A cult leader
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Self Structure People define themselves in terms of different roles “Self-aspects” or “working self-concepts” Friend Friend Scientist Scientist Professor Professor Author Sister Sister Woman Woman Daughter Daughter Psychologist Psychologist Drinker of Drinker of Fine wines Fine wines Runner Runner SELF SELF
Image of page 6
(hypothetical) Self-aspects With family Relaxed Content Bored Annoyed At work Stressed Busy Unhappy Interested With S.O. Supportive Romantic Uncertain Jealous With friends Easy-going Fun-loving Talkative Funny
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(hypothetical) Self-aspects With family Relaxed + Content + Bored – Annoyed – At work Stressed – Busy – Unhappy – Interested + With S.O. Supportive + Romantic + Loved + Jealous – With friends Easy-going + Fun-loving + Talkative + Funny + Good and bad Mostly bad Mostly good All good Having more roles may act as a buffer to stress Self-complexity hypothesis (Linville, 1987) If one role gets negative, there are more alternatives Self-esteem may be different for each role People may keep self-esteem high by spending most time in more positive roles When forced into negative roles, people may get depressed
Image of page 8
How is self content/structure measured? Content Just ask people to list their traits and identities Ask friends/family to describe the participant Structure List ~5 major roles or identities Then, list the most salient attributes in each Card-sorting task
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Do other animals have a sense of self?
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern