First Paper Revised

First Paper Revised - Andrew Kelley Philosophy 118 3/4/08...

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Andrew Kelley Philosophy 118 3/4/08 Mind versus Body: A Dualistic Approach Many issues brought up by philosophy can be debated until the end of time. Arguers from each side of an issue continually create new proofs and theories that affirm their beliefs. One of the oldest arguments is the mind/body issue, which has been debated since the 1600’s. Are the mind and the body two separate things, or are they united as one? The dualist would argue that the two are distinct and separate, while the materialist argues that the mind and the body are the same thing. Though both sides have clear proofs and strong logic, the dualistic argument is able to present information that is irrefutable, allowing for a stronger and more convincing argument. Rene Descartes is a strong arguer for the idea of dualism; with his strong philosophical thoughts on the subject he gives a sound argument. The first point Descartes brings up is that the mind and body seem to casually interact. While it may seem obvious to us that the emotions we feel often affect our body, Descartes claims that this proves that the mind and the body are separate (1986, 148). The way that nervousness can raise the heart rate or the placebo effect are two examples of the mind acting on the body. The body can also act on the mind, through the ideas of pain and pleasure (Descartes, 1986, 148). Descartes then extends this reasoning to the true
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First Paper Revised - Andrew Kelley Philosophy 118 3/4/08...

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