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Annotated Outline Recidivism in America Erika R. Bost CJUS 230
1 Outline Thesis: Research shows that reducing recidivism can be accomplished through actions such as: criminogenic needs, increased education, prioritizing mental health, appropriate substance abuse treatment, and teaching marketable job skills. Yet as a nation, we still take the archaic stance of punishing the person and not correcting the root of the problem. I. American history of recidivism A. The 1980s 1. War on Drugs. The policies of deterrence rather prevention caused an influx in drug incarcerations. By 1985, 78% of funds went to law enforcement and 22% to prevention and treatment (Curley, 2016). In 1986, The Anti-Drug Abuse Act required harsh mandatory minimum sentences (Curley, 2016). B. The 1990s 1. 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act. More mandatory minimum penalties enacted and restriction of appeals for death row inmates (Curley, 2016) additionally reduced educational opportunities in the prison system (Pingaro, 2015).

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