Neurological Case Studies.docx - Neurological Case Studies...

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Neurological Case Studies You do not need to use complete sentences. Short and sweet is fine. Case 1 It was very dark as Carol walked home from the library. She was thinking about tomorrow's test when she heard heavy breathing and then felt a strong hand on her shoulder. She turned and stared into the terrifying eyes of a huge man. Without thinking, she swung her book bag with all her might, hit the enormous man in his stomach, knocked out his breath, and saw him double over. Carol ran home faster than she had ever run before. Her roommate couldn't believe that 5- feet- 1, 98- pound Carol had the strength to knock out the man's breath and speed on home. When Carol first got home, her heart was pounding, her breathing was rapid, her nerves were on edge, she was sweating, and her mouth was dry. It was not until several hours later that Carol had calmed down enough to go to sleep. 1. Which part of Carol's nervous system (not the part of her brain) gave her the "get up and go" and the strength to knock out the man's breath and run home faster than the wind? Sympathetic 2. Which part of Carol's nervous system (not the part of her brain) helped calm her body? Parasympathetic 3. What other things does your answer to Question 1 do? Increase heart rate, dilated pupils, prevent digestion 4. What other things does your answer to Question 2 do? Slows heart rate, rest, digest and breathing, brings body back to no crisis mode Case 2 It was Friday the 13th and superstitious Janice was being especially careful as she walked down a busy downtown street. While she was stepping out on the street to avoid a construction ladder, leaping over a large crack in the pavement and shielding her eyes from a big black stray cat, she was hit by a city bus. The paramedics arrived to find Janice unconscious and not breathing. They immediately gave her CPR and tried mouth-to-mouth resuscitation but Janice did not start breathing. Just as the big black cat walked slowly by, the paramedic said, "I bet her ______________ was damaged and that's why she stopped breathing." 1. Which part of Janice's brain regulates breathing and was damaged? Medulla 2. Where is this brain part located? Brainstem, anterior to in front of cerebellum
3. What are the functions of this brain part (besides breathing)? Heartrate, blood pressure, sneezing and vomiting Case 3 John is the kind of person who must have a least eight hours of sleep every night. If he doesn't get his eight hours, he is cranky, irritable, and a pain in the neck. However, during the last month something unusual has happened to John. He has gone from his usual eight hours a night to only three hours a night. Although now he has more time for work and play, he became worried about sleeping only three hours when all his friends asked him, "What's wrong with you?" John thought it might be some hidden psychological problem so he went to a therapist, but that didn't help. Next John went to his family doctor who prescribed sleeping pills but that didn't help either. Finally, John went to a neurologist who did a brain scan. The neurologist told John that he has a brain

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