Von Sivers 3e Chapter 13 Instructor Lecture PPT.pptx -...

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Chapter 13 Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, 550 – 1500 CE
Korea to 1450: Innovation from Above Chinese writing, literature, law, government, and thought shaped Korea Buddhism was imported and shaped local social, cultural, and religious customs and practices Chinese innovations spread to Korea
People and Place: The Korean Environment Korean peninsula is mountainous Ethnically, Koreans probably originated in Central Asia Language related to Mongolian, Manchu, and possibly Japanese
Conquest and Competition: History and Politics to 1450 First state, c.1000 BCE, was the Choson kingdom, with capital at Pyongyang Han conquered most of Korea by 108 BCE and used Pyongyang as regional capital Three Kingdoms were Paekche, Koguryo, and Silla They fought for dominance of the
Korea to the mid-fifteenth century Kaesang conquered by Mongols in 1231, although the state held on until 1259 Mongol control of China ended in 1368, and Ming Dynasty of China plans to invade Korea line and overthrown by Wong Kon in 918, who establishe ital to Kaesong, designed in imitation of Chang’an in Chin Pulguksa Temple, Silla c.535
Korea under the Koryo
Economy, Society, and Family Yi Song-gye creates Choson kingdom in 1388, as a tributary of Ming China Korea plagued by social tensions and economic disparity between landlords and tenants Yi Dynasty created two new social classes, each of which took exams Yongban class were the scholar-gentry, from the high civil and military classes Chungin were the minor officials
Women and Society Gender roles in Korea were almost egalitarian,

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