Ù\u2021ذا Ù\u2021Ø°Ù\u2021 Ø°Ù\u201eÙ\u0192

هذا هذه ذلك

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Unformatted text preview: Demonstratives Arabic demonstrative change according to whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular, plural or dual. The most common demonstrative are: Masculine singular ‫( هذا‬this), ‫( ذلك‬that) Feminine singular and non-human plurals: ‫( هذه‬this), ‫تلك‬ (that). Plural demonstrative are only used with nouns referring to humans: ‫هؤلء‬ The meaning changes depending on whether the noun has the article ‫ الـ‬al : This boy (‫)هذا الولد‬ This is a boy ( ‫)هذا الولد‬ Demonstratives are the equivalents of the English “this” or “that” as in “this house “, “that boy”. Arabic demonstratives change according to whether that is describing feminine or masculine words: This (masculine) This (feminine) That (masculine) That (feminine) ‫ااا‬ ‫ااا‬ ‫ااا‬ ‫ااا‬ The demonstratives go in front of the noun with the article ‫( ال‬al): This boy ‫ااا ااااا‬ 1 This girl That house That city ‫ااا ااااا‬ ‫ااا ااااا‬ ‫ااا ااااااا‬ Activity1: Fill in the correct Arabic demonstrative to match the English, or in the example: This man This bag That newspaper That teacher That nurse This pen This river That shirt ‫الرجل‬ ‫الحقيبة‬ ‫الجريده‬ ‫المدرس‬ ّ ‫الممرضة‬ ‫القلم‬ ‫النهر‬ ‫القميص‬ ‫هذا‬ The demonstrative can also be used with an indefinite noun without ‫ الـ‬to form a sentence: This [is a] boy That [is a] city ‫ااا ااا‬ ‫ااا ااااا‬ Remember: As you know already know Arabic has no separate word for a/ an or direct equivalent of is / are. This means that only the present of ‫ الـ‬indicate the difference between: This book ‫ااا اااااا‬ This is a book ‫ااا اااا‬ 2 ‫هذا/ هذه ‪Activity 2:use this‬‬ ‫أرض 1 ------‬ ‫مكتبة 2 ------‬ ‫مخبز 3 -------‬ ‫مسبح 4 -------‬ ‫جامعة 5 ------‬ ‫مكتب 6 -------‬ ‫ملعب 7 --------‬ ‫ولد 8 ----------‬ ‫بنت 9 ----------‬ ‫تفاحة --------01‬ ‫حاسوب --------11‬ ‫شجرة --------21‬ ‫3‬ ‫ذلك / تلك‬ ‫‪That‬‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫‪That\ Singular – Male‬‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫‪That \Singular- Female‬‬ ‫ذلك كرسي‬ ‫ذلك بيت‬ ‫ذلك مكتب‬ ‫ذلك قلم‬ ‫ذلك مفتاح‬ ‫4‬ ‫تلك طاولة‬ ‫ذلك باب‬ ‫تلك مكتبة‬ ‫ذلك باص‬ ‫تلك مدرسة‬ ‫ذلك طبيب‬ ‫ذلك هاتف‬ ‫طفلة --------------‬ ‫ذلك طفل‬ ‫5‬ ‫كتاب ----------------‬ ‫----------------دفتر‬ ‫إمرأة ---------------‬ ‫حاسوب ---------------------‬ ‫6‬ ...
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