Course code: URP 4210 Course title: Environmental Lab A Report on Analysis and Review of EIA of Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project in Bangladesh Submission Date:07 January, 2020 Submitted to Md. Kamrul Hasan Lecturer, Department of Urban & Regional Planning Pabna University of Science & Technology Submitted by Nowshin Rahman (151706) KH. Zubiada Gulshan (151707) Farhana Tanvin (151723) Ritu Saha (151730) Suraiya Sultana (141734) 4thyear 2ndsemester Session: 2014-2015 Department of Urban & Regional PlanningPABNA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
1. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 1.1 Introduction The pollution in air, water and land has led to ecological imbalance and potential health hazards. As a result, regulations in the form of laws and policies on environmental protection were introduced. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one such effort. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the official appraisal process to identify, predict, evaluate and justify the ecological, social, and related biophysical effects of a proposed policy, program or project on the environment. It provides insight on alternatives and measures to be adopted before any commitment, thus helps in important decision-making. (Ramchandani, 2010). Environmental Impact Assessment is defined as an activity designed to identify the impact on the bio-geophysical environment, on man and well-being of legislative proposals, projects, policies and operational procedures and to interpret and communicate information (Shah R., n.d.). Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a critical examination of the effects of a project on the environment. An EIA identifies both negative and positive impacts of any development activity or project, how it affects people, their property and the environment. EIA also identifies measures to mitigate the negative impacts, while maximizing on the positive ones. EIA also identifies measures to mitigate the negative impacts, while maximizing on the positive ones. EIA is basically a preventive process. It seeks to minimize adverse impacts on the environment and reduces risks. If a proper EIA is carried out, then the safety of the environment can be properly managed at all stages of a project-planning, design, construction, operation, monitoring and evaluation as well as decommissioning (Anoynmous, n.d.). 1.2 EIA Goals and Objectives EIA particularly aimsto optimize a trade-off between developmental activities and socio-ecological losses. It is a management tool linked closely to the project providing appropriate environmental information within the stipulated time (Ramchandani, 2010). Objective of EIA: The objectives of EIA are- (i)To identify, predict and evaluate the economic, environmental and social impact of development activities (ii)To provide information on the environmental consequences for decision making and (iii)To promote environmentally sound and sustainable development through the identification of appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures.
1.3 Advantages of EIA: EIA is potentially a useful component of good environmental management. It is the