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1FINAL PROJECT TWO: HIPAAFinal Project Two: The Health InsurancePortability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996Kevin OkimotoSouthern New Hampshire UniversityIHP-501 Global Health and DiversityDr. FaheyAugust 23rd, 2020
2FINAL PROJECT TWO: HIPAAPolicyThe Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is a federal law that was designed to safeguard protected health information (PHI) from being disclosed without the patient’s consent or knowledge. To execute the rules and regulations as stated via HIPAA, the United States Department of Health and Human Services, also known as the HHS, issued the HIPAA Privacy Rule, to implement the requirements of HIPAA, as well as the HIPAA Security Rule to protect a subset of information which is covered by the Privacy Rule (HIPAA, 2018). The Privacy Rule strikes a balance that allows various covered entities, such as healthcare providers and health plans to access and utilize a patient’s PHI, while also ensuring that their privacy is continuously protected throughout the process. To further ensure a patient’s privacy stays intact and protected, the Security Rule requires all covered entities to,detect and safeguard against anticipated threats and ensure the confidentiality of all electronically protected health information (ePHI). The Security Rule protects all individually identifiable health information that a covered entity receives, creates, maintains, and/or transmits in an electronic form (HIPAA, 2018). The introduction of HIPAA not only ensured the protection of a patient’s health information, but also provided patients with a sense of comfortability, access, and control over their PHI. RationaleHIPAA was designed to support the patient’s needs and protect his or her sensitive information. It is the sole responsibility of the healthcare organization to implement and abideby all HIPAA rules and regulations. Such rules and regulations have helped streamline administrative healthcare functions, improve efficiency, and ensure PHI is shared in a secure manner (Alder, 2017). However, the improper use or mishandling of PHI can lead to several
3FINAL PROJECT TWO: HIPAAissues, such as medical errors, privacy concerns, and potential legal repercussions. Litigations regarding HIPAA non-compliance can be costly and can carry-on for several months (HIPAA Training, 2015). Therefore, medical professionals need to understand proper HIPAA compliance. By receiving HIPAA compliance training, employees will be educated about whatHIPAA is, why it is so important, and how to honor its guidelines. Furthermore, these individuals will be able to recognize what PHI is and when it can be transmitted without patient authorization (HIPAA Training, 2015). Understanding proper HIPAA compliance within a professional healthcare market may prevent any legality issues or complications that would betray the confidence of the client and harm the organization’s reputation. StakeholdersHealth plans, health care providers, and most importantly, patients, are three key