STUDY GROUP SHEET - # 1 ID Monroe Doctrine 2 Manifest...

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ID Significance 1 Monroe Doctrine 1823, written by Secretary of State JQ Adams, US President James Monroe says to world: Europe to keep hands off Western Hemisphere, no more colonization, no selling/transferring colonies; and in return, the US won’t interfere in European affairs. This shows how the US felt far superior to LA and that it was their destiny to rule the WH 2 Manifest Destiny The belief that the US was destined to expand its nation from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Many believed Mexico would also be included in the US. This theory was popular in the 1800s and showed the confidence and mindset Americans had and how they viewed themselves compared to the rest of the western hemisphere. 3 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848 in the town of Guadalupe Hidalgo between Mexico and the US that ended the Mexican-American War (1846-1848); the treaty signed for the Mexican Cession in which Mexico ceded 525,000 square miles (an area that now includes parts of Colorado, Arizona,, New Mexico, and Wyoming, as well as all of California, Nevada, and Utah) to the US in exchange for the US paying Mexico $15 million; the treaty also ensured the property rights of Mexican citizens in the transferred territories, and the US took over $3.25 million in debts Mexico owed to the US 4 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty This was an agreement between the US and British in 1950 that if ever a canal is made in Central America it would be a joint venture. When it came time for a canal to be made, TR wanted the US to have sole rights, so in 1901 he passed the Hay- Pauncefoote Treaty, which gave the US the sole right to the canal 5 Alfred Thayer Mahan Wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon Hisory: 1660-1783 in 1890. Unites States Naval officer that wrote extensively on the history of naval power throughout the world. His three volume book came out in a time of depression due to a lack of world wide markets sparking interest not only in building up the navy for its clear military benefits but also to protect our monetary interests abroad. Influenced the US to quickly build up the navy in the years before WWI, and the naval power gave the US the means to protect its sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere 6 Jose Marti Jose Marti was a writer and the leader of the Cuban independence movement from Spain. He wrote about the Spanish general, Valeriano Weyler, and the atrocities that he committed in Cuba. Moreover, he wanted US intervention in the form of money but not troops 7 Olney Memo 1890’s Secretary of State Richard Olney was opposed to the independence of Cuba, and he feared that once Spain withdrew from Cuba a war between races would emerge in Cuba 8 Calvo Clause developed by Argentine scholar Carlos Calvo in 1896. Derived from the Calvo Doctrine, which was based on two principles: non-intervention and the equity of nations. The clause is added to documents between foreigners and nations, in which the foreigner agrees to not call their governments in cases of contractual disputes. It
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 215 taught by Professor Haines during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

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STUDY GROUP SHEET - # 1 ID Monroe Doctrine 2 Manifest...

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