Byzantine Christianity 3-28-08

Byzantine Christianity 3-28-08 - Friday, March 28, 2008...

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Friday, March 28, 2008 Filioque, Papal Authority, and the Schism of East and West Filioque Literally “and the Son” 6 th Century Insertion into the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed r added in Spain r looking to solve problems, not to cause them Designed to guard against Arianism r Arian version of Christianity had already spread to Spain r Filioque elevates Son to the level of the Father, but Holy Spirit is derived from the Father and the Son Filioque sticks in the Creed in the region Why Byzantines Object Can’t make additions to the Creed (Council of Ephesus) Subordinates the Holy Spirit to the Son Institutes two “sources” for Spirit Alters the inter-relationships in Trinity r The Trinity is the central teaching of Christianity Papal Authority Byzantine Position r First among Equals Pentarchy – Five Patriarchates Rome Constantinople Alexandria Antioch Jerusalem Christian world is divided between these five, the patriarch in each area has complete authority there r Ultimate Authority rests in Councils r All bishops share privileges of St. Peter before 5 th Century after 5 th Century, only Roman bishop is declared to have this privilege Matthew r “Who do you say that I am?”
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Byzantine Christianity 3-28-08 - Friday, March 28, 2008...

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