psych.exam5 - PSY 1000 Exam 5 Study Guide Be very familiar...

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PSY 1000 Exam 5 Study Guide Be very familiar with everything on this list. Know definitions of concepts, be able to identify concepts in examples, and know how concepts are related; and be familiar with the relevant contributions of the people listed. As always, read the chapters. Chapter 13 - Read chapter carefully! 1. Health psychology a. 2. Stress a. The physiological and psychological response to a condition that threatens or challenges a person and requires some form of adaptation or adjustment. 3. Fight-or-flight response a. A response to stress in which the parasympathetic nervous system triggers the release of hormones that prepare the body to fight or flee. 4. Stressors a. Any stimulus or event capable of producing physical or emotional stress. 5. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) - what it does, its shortcomings a. Holmes and Rahe's measure of stress, which ranks 43 life events from most to least stressful and assigns a point value to each. Holmes and Rahe claim there is a correlation between major health risk and high stress scores (above 300 points). An error with the measurement is that it assigns a point value to events regardless of how each individual deals with that event. 6. Conflicts : approach-approach, avoidance-avoidance, approach-avoidance a. Approach-approach conflict - A conflict arising from having to choose between equally desirable alternatives. b. Avoidance-avoidance conflict - A conflict arising form having to choose between undesirable alternatives. c. Approach-avoidance conflict - A conflict arising when the same choice ahs both desirable and undesirable features. 7. Posttraumatic stress disorder - causes, symptoms, "survivor guilt" a. A prolonged and severe stress reaction to a catastrophic event or to severe, chronic stress. Caused by a reaction to a catastrophic event (ie. 9/11.) or to severe chronic stress (ie war flashbacks of violent and haunting images.) 8. Selye's work a. 9. General Adaptation Syndrome, stages of the syndrome a. The predictable sequence of reactions (alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages) that organisms show in response to stressors. 10. Coping a. Efforts through action and thought to deal with demands that are perceived as taxing and overwhelming. 11. Problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, proactive coping a. A direct response aimed at reducing, modifying, or eliminating a source of stress. 12. Biomedical model
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a. A perspective that explains illness solely in terms of biological factors. 13. Biopsychosocial model a. A perspective that focuses on health as well as illness and holds that both are determined by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. 14. Coronary heart disease a. Caused by the narrowing or blockage of coronary arteries, that supply blood to the heart muscle. High stress and job strain have also been associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease. 15.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 1000 taught by Professor Karsten during the Spring '05 term at Western Michigan.

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psych.exam5 - PSY 1000 Exam 5 Study Guide Be very familiar...

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