Gender Relations

Gender Relations - Michael Chelala Peoples and Cultures...

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Michael Chelala Peoples and Cultures SOAU101 Professor Toth Essay 1 October 26, 200 Gender Relations If you took a close look at the way people relate in our society today, you might notice something. In the United States, men and women have some very different roles. If you were to take a look back to the 1920s these roles would be much more exaggerated, but even in today’s modern society where women have been given political equality, there are some clear differences in the way men and women are expected to behave. One might ask what causes these expectations to develop. Are women destined to be given less freedom than men, or is that something specific to the development of American society? What would influence such a social contract to develop? For the answers to these questions and some others, Margaret Mead studied three different tribes; the Arapesh, the Mundugumor, and the Tchambali. These three tribes show some interesting contrasts between each other, because they each have different relations between their men and women, neighbors, and children. Margaret Mead and Professor Toth both explored a number of different reasons for these relationships. While Margaret Mead focused on internal factors, Professor Toth tended to explore how the external circumstances
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surrounding the three tribes could help contribute to the gender relations within the three different societies. In Arapesh society, everyone is very humble. Men and women both are very mild and unaggressive. They are warm, docile, and trusting people. They tend to help each other with work and daily tasks. The Arapesh children are very spoiled when growing up. The Arapesh live in the mountains. The mountains are considered a marginal area that no other tribe would want. This is because the soil is not very fertile and living conditions are harsh. Because of the fact that no other tribe would want to live where the Arapesh are at, defense is unnecessary. This takes a very important role away from men in the society. Since men are not training for battle, they spend more time on food production. Women also need to spend lots of time on food production, because of the harshness of the environment. The Arapesh are a very collective people. Because of this, men from one household might go to another household’s patch of
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Gender Relations - Michael Chelala Peoples and Cultures...

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