Religion 3 - Three Refuges of Buddhism 1 Buddha- leader 2...

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Three Refuges of Buddhism 1 Buddha - leader 2 Dhamma (Dharma)- teachings 3 Sanga – community of Buddhist monks and nuns Tripitaka , tipitata, pitika=basket 1- vinaya -pitaka- was the code of ethics to be obeyed by the early sa gha , monks and nuns . these were invented on a day-to-day basis as the Buddha encountered various behavior problems with the monks. 2- sutta -pitika- consists primarily of accounts of the Buddha's teachings. 3- abhidhamma -pitika- collections of Buddhist writings Asoka - an Indian emperor, of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled from 273 BC to 232 BC . Dharma - a spiritual term which signifies the underlying order in nature and life (human or other) considered to be in accord with that order. In various Indian languages, it usually mean 'religion', or any virtuous path in the common sense of the term. The word dharma is generally translated into English as 'law' and literally translates as 'that which upholds or supports' (from the root 'Dhr' - to hold), here referring to the order which makes the cosmos and the harmonious complexity of the natural world possible. As in the West, the concept of natural or divine law, has, throughout the history of Indian civilization, governed ideas about the proper conduct of living. The symbol of the dharma - the wheel - is the central motif in the national
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flag of India . For many Buddhists, the Dharma most often means the body of teachings expounded by the Buddha . The word is also used in Buddhist phenomenology as a term roughly equivalent to phenomenon , a basic unit of existence and/or experience. Bhakti - is a word of Sanskrit origin meaning devotion . Within Hinduism the word is used exclusively to denote devotion to a particular deity or form of God . Within Vaishnavism bhakti is only used in conjunction with Vishnu or one of his associated incarnations ; however, it is likewise used toward Shiva by some traditions of Shaivism and Shakti by some traditions of Shaktism . Bhakti as a process of yoga ( Bhakti yoga ) is described in detail famously within the Bhagavad Gita , wherein it is given as the ultimate form of religious expression [1] , for which all other dharmas should be abandoned [2] and also in other texts such as the Narada Bhakti Sutra . Moksha - to liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth and all of the suffering and limitation of worldly existence. In Hindu philosophy , it is seen as a transcendence of phenomenal being, a state of higher consciousness , in which matter , energy , time , space , causation ( karma ) and the other features of empirical reality are understood as maya . Liberation is to Indian religions as salvation is to Christianity . Rather than being a reward for good deeds that is achieved after death, however, liberation is experienced in this very life as a dissolution of the sense of self as an egoistic personality by which the underlying, eternal, pure spirit is uncovered. This desireless state concludes the yogic path through which conditioned mentality- materiality or nama-roopa (lit. name-form) has been dissolved
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course RELG 101 taught by Professor Cain during the Spring '08 term at Mary Washington.

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Religion 3 - Three Refuges of Buddhism 1 Buddha- leader 2...

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