Dionysus - Dionysus Dionysus 1 God of wine and nature a...

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Dionysus Dionysus 1. God of wine and nature a. Later admittance to Olympus b. God of the life force c. God of a divinely inspired madness (frenzy) Main Sources for Dionysus 1. Two Homeric Hymns 2. Apollodorus – Bibliotheca 3. Ovid – Metamorphoses 4. Eurpides – Bacchae The Birth and Early Youth of Dionysus 1. Semele, daughter of Cadmud, king of Thebes a. Affair with Zeus; Zeus visits her in the guise of a mortal. He seduces her and she gets pregnant. b. Wrath of Hera; comes in the guise of an old woman and approaches Semele. She tells Hera about Zeus. Hera makes her doubt that she slept with Zeus. Zeus comes back in the guise of a mortal. Semele wants to see Zeus’s true self. c. Appearance of Zeus; he throws off his guise and reveals herself to Semele. She gets burnt to dust. 2. Death of Semele a. Fetus saved by Hermes, Zeus a.i. Twice born; Zeus saves the baby in his thigh for another 3 months
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Unformatted text preview: and then gets born again. True son of Zeus. They take the baby and dress him up in girls clothes. Asks Ino, Semele’s sister, to raise the child as her own while still in the girls clothes. b. Ino, Queen of Orchomenus b.i. Athamas, King of Orchomenus b.i.1. Wrath of Hera; makes Athamas go crazy and tries to kill his children with a bow. He thought one of his sons was wild game. b.i.2. Melicertes, son of Ino; Ino runs with him towards the sea. She jumps from the cliff into the water. Another version is that Ino goes crazy as well and boils him in a cauldron. Then she jumps off the cliff into the sea. c. Fate of Ino and Melicertes; Zeus feels bad for them and turns them into ocean deities. c.i. Leucothea (White Goddess); Ino c.ii. Palaemon; Melicertes...
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