PHI 101 Ch2 - Definitions Dogmatism holding a position or...

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Definitions Dogmatism – holding a position or belief to be absolutely and certainly true Empiricism – theory that all knowledge is ultimately based on information derived from sense-experience Skepticism – theory that all knowledge is some degree uncertain Natural Religion – Religious belief based on experience Demea’s Agrument Part 1(Pg. 8) 1. Does God Exist? 2. Can we know what God is like? God existence is self evident We know that God exists Demea : Religious dogmatist, thinks God’s existence can be known through reasoning Cleanthes: Moderate empiricist, things we can know something of God’s existence & nature through experience Philo: Skeptic and empricist, things we can have no certain knowledge of God Demea’s Argument Part 2 Human understanding is finite and weak God has infinite perfections [A finite and imperfect being can not comprehend something with an infinite and perfect nature.] Human understanding can not comprehend God’s nature We can not know God’s nature **Contradictory problems with this Argument Philo’s Argument Part 1 (PG 9) Philo’s Argument Part 2A
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Philo’s Argument Part 2B Our ideas reach no farther than our experience We have no experience of God’s attributes [ We have no ideas of knowledge of God’s attributes.] [ We cannot know God’s nature] **No contradictory problems with this argument Definitions Teleological – of or relating to a goal, purpose, or end Artifact – a physical object manufactured according to a plan devised by a thinking being in order to fulfill an intentional purpose. (Clothing, Cell Phones, anything made my humans for a purpose) world” = organic or living world Summary Demea: We know God exists (self-evident_ but don’t know God’s nature (because its incomprehensible) Philo: We know God exists (first clause) but don’t know God’s nature (because God cant be concretely experienced) Cleanthes Argument Concludes we can know something about God’s existence and character from experience Commonly known as “The Argument from Design” or the Teleological Argument The Argument from Design is the basis for Intelligent Design Theory (ID)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHI 101 taught by Professor Udell during the Spring '08 term at West Chester.

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PHI 101 Ch2 - Definitions Dogmatism holding a position or...

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