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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 12 – Homo heidelbergensis and the Advent of the Hunting Way of Life The Descendants of H. erectus- A new species called Homo heidelbergensis branched off from H. erectus 900,000 to 800,000 years ago- H. heidelbergensis had larger brains and smaller jaws, and were found throughout Africa, into Europe, and as far east as modern China- Within Europe, H. heidelbergensis would give rise to the Neandertals around 300,000 years ago, while in Africa H. heidelbergensis branched off 150,000 years ago into H. sapiens Speciation in the Middle Pleistocene: Homo heidelbergensis African Fossils- A skull associated with stone tools and animal bones dating from 400,000 years ago was found in Zambia in 1921, and showed a mixture of primitive and advanced features- The wide cranial base, receding and slightly keeled forehead, and large brows were primitive, while the medially thick brows that tapered at the side and a large brain (1280cc) were part of its advanced features- The Kabwe skull was identified as a mid Pleistocene species known as H. heidelbergensis- A jawless skull of the H. heidelbergensis species was found in Bodo, Ethiopia, dating back to 600,000 years ago (also found in association with Acheulean hand axes and cleaves) Asian Fossils- A skull found in the Narmada Valley in Northern India dates from 600,000 to 400,000 years ago, associated with hand axes and cleavers- Sites in China include Dali, Xujiayao, Maba, Jinniushan, and Yunxian European Fossils- The first fossil to carry the name H. heidelbergensis was found in 1907 near Heidelberg, Germany- The oldest known hominin fossil was from England, excavated in 1993 dating from about...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH 145 taught by Professor Gatewood during the Fall '07 term at Lehigh University .
- Fall '07