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psychch6 - Learning Part 1 Learning a relatively permanent...

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Learning: Part 1 Learning: a relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience must be inferred Habituation decrease in the strength of response to a repeated stimulus [aren’t as startled] Classical Conditioning: (Pavlov) – learning by association // more reflexive (brought out by situation) Acquisition "automatic" responses learning by association – practice makes perfect US unconditioned stimulus – unlearned. automatically brings about the response UR unconditioned response – unlearned. (brought about by the US) CS conditioned stimulus – learned CR conditioned response –learned (brought about by CR) Stimulus contiguity - association in time Explanation: CS predicts UCS Important factors are timing (forward, simultaneous, backward), predictability, signal strength and attention. Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery – even though there is a time period between trials,
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