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SISEA 210 STUDY GUIDE COMPILED VERSION FOR ESSAYS

SISEA 210 STUDY GUIDE COMPILED VERSION FOR ESSAYS - STUDY...

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STUDY GUIDE COMPILED VERSION FOR ESSAYS 1. Essay Question: Shirk argues that China is a fragile superpower. Is China more or less fragile than Japan, India, or Indonesia? Why or why not? How do you know? China: -leaders look fragile, poor, and overwhelmed by internal problems. -most of the foreign policies are based to solve internal issues that includes the Taiwan issue, social uprisings, and keeping a high economic growth rate. This means that China is forced to respond to any radical moves made by Japan, US, or Taiwan in order to save itself. -how to turn the negative forces of nationalism into positive forces is an important issue a. negative… anti-foreign, burden of the history b. positive…learn to celelbrate the recent successes China has enjoyed. Olympics game 2008, economic successes, etc. -growing prosperity and progress actually makes the communist leaders feel all the more politically more vulnerable. a. open markets to the world and economic reforms = people hard to keep track of and even harder to control. - give everyone something: a pragmatic foreign policy that sustains domestic economic growth; tough rhetoric on Japan, Taiwan, and sometimes towards the United States; and double digit increase in the People’s Liberation Army’s budget. -domestic fragility is a key problem to China’s weak status as a superpower - The need to open up media in order to “cure” the people from one narrow point of view. This is also important to combat corruption. China’s leaders will have more accurate information about public opinion and look more confident and gain legitimacy. (China now has very strict media regulations…. State controlled, censorship all aimed to promote a strong sense of nationalism. Japan: - The struggle to become a “normal country”. The constitution was written by the US. The Yoshida doctrine isolated Japan from the international community. - Japan’s relations with Asian neighbors. The burden of history that includes colonialism, World War II, and the old ambitions to create an Asian empire dominated by Japan. - Escaping the deadlock created by the Yoshida doctrine is a vital issue. India: - Falls behind China economically in absolute terms - Dual economy: highly competitive service sector (small in scale), uncompetitive manufacturing sector - Weaknesses: huge diversities/disparities/sectarianism (religion, gender, ethnicity), weak infrastructure, legacies of the license raj - Democracy as an important strength - English - Sustains high economic growth, second behind China in Asia.
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- Comparison to China o Democracy versus authoritarianism o Degree of openness to the outside world o Sources of growth and dynamism (India more internal focus, China relies heavily on trade) - Prolonged conflict with Pakistan, nuclear threats Indonesia - weak democracy - East Timor - Political instability after Suharto was toppled - Slow economic recovery - Wide spread corruption - Ethnic conflicts 2. Compare and contrast the effects of the following 3 developments on the rise of Asia:
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