psychch72 - CHAPTER 7[continued FORGETTING Ebbinghaus used...

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CHAPTER 7 [continued] FORGETTING Ebbinghaus: used nonsense syllables method of savings "forgetting curve" - shows the amount remembered (measured by relearning) after varying lengths f time. *Forgetting curves for meaningful info also show early losses followed by a long gradual decline, but overall, forgetting occurs much more slowly* savings can be long lasting Theories of Forgetting decay – too brief to become permanent failure to encode – never pay attention in beginning; material never even got to storage brain damage e.g. Korsakov's syndrome interference - depends on similarity of new and old tasks o proactive interference: previous learning interferes with new learning (EX: you live in one place for a long time with one phone number, then you move to a new place and get a new phone number then you give someone the old phone number instead of the new) o retroactive interference: new learning interferes with previous learning o (EX: you learn how to play tennis, then you learn how to play squash. Then start
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