grFederalist Era ID’s Judiciary Act of 1789It organized the Supreme Court, originally with five justices and a chief justice, along with several federal district and circuit courts. It also created the attorney general's office. This Act created the judiciary branch of the U.S. government.James MadisonStrict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of 1812James Strict” vs. “Loose” InterpretationConstitution states that the government of the United States holds only those powers specifically granted to it by the Constitution; loose interpretation of the Constitution posits that the government of the United States hold all powers that are not specifically denied to it by the Constitution.Federalists vs. RepublicansRepublicans want a strict interpretation of the Constitution. This party was made in response to the Federalists. The leader was Thomas Jefferson. They were pro-French, pro-agrarian, and wanted a strict construction, they wanted the states to be the most powerful.The Federalists wanted a loose interpretation of the Constitution. They were wealthy, educated, property owning men, who believed in a strong, centralized federal government & supported the new Constitution.Citizen Edmond GenetEdmond Charles Genêt. A French diplomat who came to the U.S. 1793 to ask the American government to send money and troops to aid the revolutionaries in the French Revolution. President Washington asked France to recall Genêt after Genêt began recruiting men and armingships in U.S. ports. However, Washington later relented and allowed Genêt U.S. citizenship upon learning that the new French government planned to arrest Genêt.
Jay’s TreatyThis treaty gave Britain most favored nation status from America while Britain pulled its forts out of American territory and set up a system to look at the commandeering of American ships by the British. This treaty averted war and showed thatthe USA had gainedrespect from Europe with their Constitution.Quasi-War with FranceA state of undeclared hostility between France and America that was fought at sea. It was over the aftermath of Jay's Treaty and the refusal of the United States to repay their debts to the old French Government.Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions 1798Responses to the Alien and Sedition Acts that said that the states withheld the right to nullify laws of Congress that they found unconstitutional.Nullificationthe states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States CongressElection of 1800Tie between Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson which went to the House of Representatives. Jefferson won the presidency after 36 ballots when Alexander Hamilton persuaded three members of the House to vote for Jefferson. Significance: 12 amendmentJefferson-Burr Tie
1800, 3rd President of the United States. Chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it. …He was a Democratic Republican who was Jefferson's VP. He was angry at losing to Jefferson in