Benchmark- Models of Abnormality.docx - 1 Benchmark Models...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

1 Benchmark- Models of Abnormality Valerie Alvarez Grand Canyon University
2 Benchmark- Models of Abnormality There are six models of abnormality: biological, psychodynamic, cognitive-based, humanistic-existential, social cultural, and development psychopathology perspective. Every model has a crucial role in abnormal psychology and are used to understand human behavior. Human minds are composed of biological and non-biological components. A single model does not have the potential to identify all the aspects of abnormality. The purpose of this paper is to distinguish between the six models of abnormality and provide examples of the application and treatment of each model. Biological Model The biological model suggests that abnormal behavior is caused by biological components (Comer, 2018). Chemicals that are related to mental health concerns are produced by the mid-brain and hindbrain. The role of genetics and heredity are crucial when explaining the reason for biological disorders. Drug therapy, brain stimulation, and psychosurgery are the main treatments used today (Comer, 2018). Psychotropic medications effectively treat many abnormal behaviors; however, they aroused a controversy due to misuse. The use of drugs as a treatment can have negative side effects such as severe shaking and extreme restlessness (Comer, 2018). Brain simulation refers to interventions that stimulate certain areas of the brain (Comer, 2018). The oldest form of treatment is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which involves electrical currents coursing through the patient’s brain to aid in depression. Psychodynamic Model The psychodynamic model is built on Sigmund Freud’s principles. Sigmund Freud believed normal and abnormal behavior is determined by psychological factors. Excessive conflict between id, ego, and superego could be the cause of abnormality. If a person’s ego and

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture