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PROGRAM PLANNING PRESENTATION:TIPPING THE SCALES ONOBESITYJamie GagnierPHE-425-T1883 Prog Planning in Public Health 20EW1Southern New Hampshire University
Introduction■34% of adults in the United States are considered obese■Approximately 20% of children/adolescents in the US are considered obese ■Obesity has been scientifically linked to an increase in prevalence over many other diseases and illnesses including: Diabetes, Heart Disease, and many cancers(Mitchell et al., 2011)
Target Population■Over 60% of Black Woman in the US are considered obese■In state of Massachusetts, Black Women aged 50+ years have the highest 5-year rate changes in incidence of various cancers–Includes: Uterine Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Kidney and Renal Pelvic Cancer, Breast Cancer, and Ovarian Cancer (Agyemang & Powell-Wiley, 2013) (National Cancer Institute, 2017).
Desired Result & Barriers to Results■Significant Reduction in incidence of various cancers in target population■Possible Barriers:–Lack of education/knowledge–Customs/Traditions–Lack of income(US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005)
General Predisposing Factors of Obesity/Malnutrition■Malnutrition–Higher % of Obese individuals are malnourished than non-obese individuals(Via, 2012)(US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005)
Predisposing Gene/Metabolism Factors Specific to Target Population–Lower Adiponectin levels in Black Women–Leptin Resistance in Black Women(Cohen et al., 2011)(Kahn et al., 2012)(Maahs et al., 2005)
Predisposing Behavioral Factors Specific to Target Population–40% of black women have “excessive gestational weight gain” and postpartum weight retention–63% of dieting black women weight cycle–Lower Physical Activity compared to women of other races as well as compared to men of all races(Headen et al., 2012)(NCCDPHP, 2009)(Osborn et al., 2011)