Notes - Caroline Bithell Paghjella National Identity and World Music and Corsica Corsica Near Mediterranean Sea Kind of a colony of France Culturally

Notes - Caroline Bithell Paghjella National Identity and...

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Caroline Bithell: Paghjella, National Identity and World Music and Corsica Corsica Near Mediterranean Sea Kind of a colony of France Culturally and linguistically different from France- more associated with eastern Europe (Italy) French is main language Movements towards Corsican Music 1970s cultural movement away from France National/ autonomist movement sparked cultural militants Group Canta u Popolu Cursu- nationalist youth group looked to paghjella to defend and promote Corsican language and culture by means of song Cantu a Populu Corsu met with older, traditional singers to form a repertoire of songs, learn the style- reinvigorate (and redefine) paghjella singing Musical Features of Paghjella- most typical, ubiquitous type of Corsican polyphonic song 3 distinct voices- bass, second middle voice, uppermost voice (terza)- singing polyphony (musical texture consisting of multiple, simultaneous melodic lines In paghjella, 3 melodic lines (one for each voice) (no voice that dominates, each hold melody) Absence of strict meter (no set rhythm) Melisma- vocal ornamentation of several notes sung to one syllable of text Non-Western tuning/scale- notes outside of even-tempered scale Staggered voices 1980s old singing style becomes revived Growing phenomenon of “world music” Success of Bulgarian vocal music (Mystere des Viox Bulgares) “We can do that too”- burgeoning fashion for “folk polyphony” in world music marketplace- Les Nouvelles Polyphonies Corses album, adds electronic instrumentation and sells 100k copies Now paghjellas are sung for international audiences- they are exotic Differences from world paghjella and traditional paghjella- more on a Western scale, no staggered entry, uniform entry and endings, no Melisma Tradition- paghjella- constructed Differences btw Field Recordings and Commercial Recordings In general commercial recordings are rehearsed and produced (producer, studio, sound engineers, distribution channels, commodity) Field Recordings have an outside specialist and utilize technology, it represents anthropology, ethnomusicology, and is used for research Audio Recording Technologies, Anthropology, and “Ethnography” Phonograph (first device capable of recording and playing back audio T. Edison 1877) Berliner’s 1887 Hand- Driven Gramophone (replicable zinc disks, birth of the international recording industry) Berliner’s disks could be copied easily, unlike Edison’s wax, however Edison’s wax was more portable, unlike the disks Steven Feld- Interested in difference between music and sounds
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Recipient of McArthur Award- Prestigious research award Anthropologist, linguist- Pygmy Pop and “schizophonic mimesis World Music subgenre A. Anth, Ethnomusicology, Ethnogrophy in Central African Rainforests
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