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Anthro final study guide

Anthro final study guide - Anthro2 Final Study Guide...

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Anthro2 Final Study Guide CAPITALISM Characteristics & Causes o Social relation: capitalist classes -capital (haves) -labor (have-nots) *have/have not modes of production o Commodity fetishism => social status mediated by material possessions -you have & know what to have Consequences of Capitalism o expansion @ 2 levels: 1) in aggregate (cumulative) -voracity of capital -expanded into “world system” 2) individual -anxiety of freedom (uncertainty of achieved status) o expansion: 1) expand to compensate for falling profit rate 2) “boom & bust” cycles 3) affect other aspects of society & culture -Wolf: “variable outcomes of a unitary historical process” World System Theory: capitalist world economy à identifiable social system, based on wealth & power differentials extends beyond individual states à core, periphery (semi periphery) COLONIALISM Underdevelopment àenslavement Cultural Colonialism => within a nation/empire, domination by one ethnic group or nationality & its culture/ideology over others --e.g. the dominance of Russian people, language, and
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culture in the former Soviet Union Virulence of racism in US ? Privilege ? Action Difference Joe Leahy ? Westernized house & clothin; bilingual, biracial Ex. Of interim cultural figure -”land must work” -learned coffee business RACE/ETHNICITY Kottak: Race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- -- -- -- Ethnicity ß less mutable more mutable à (changeable) -based less on -based more on ‘fixed’ markers ‘fixed’ markers Boyd & Silk Race important role in contemporary life But popular conception flawed No single natural classification of human species “folk” category -skin tone = prominent but not only symbol Symbols of ethnicity/racial difference -language -history: manifest in dance, ritual, etc.; ancestry (real or imagined-kinship, family, etc.) -physical attributes, e.g. dress, adornment -cultural practices & rituals -religion Racial Classifications
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-do NOT represent natural biological categories -Shouldn’t try to distinguish race in terms of black/white Kottak: races are ethnic groups assumed to bare biological basis Hypodescent: automatic assignment of mixed (social/racial) union to status of minority group e.x. ½ black, ½ white => assoc. w/ black -Provides for very limited mobility o ascribed status ~ skin tone -rare outside the US
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