review5 - 1. Which type of diuretic does not cause...

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1. Which type of diuretic does not cause increased potassium losses? aldostrone antogonist 2. What is the functional unit of the kidneys? the nephron 3. Which part of the kidney receives the least blood flow? papillae 4. For what function does the kidney use the body’s energy? active transport of sodium and co transport of electrolyte and other substances. 5. Compare the cortical and juxtomedullary nephrons. compared to cortical, jux are penetrating the entire length of muedullar. 6. What substances are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule? water, electrolytes, glucose, amino acids. 7. Which part of the kidneys does the antidiuretic hormones increase urine concentration? collective tubule 8. What role does aldosterone and ADH play in reabsorption? aldosterone: sodium reapsormption. increase sodium. retains sodium. ADH: increase water absorption. retain water. 9. What are the endocrine functions of the kidneys? - activation of vitamin D, production of erythropain. 10. What role do the kidneys play when it comes to regulation of vitamin D? - transform vitamin D to its active form. 11. Describe the urine specific gravity test. - diagnostic measure used to assess the ability of kidney to concentrate urine.
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12. Describe the Cystic diseases of the kidney. - tubular dilation caused by mucane tubual structure tubular obstruction that increase intratubular pressure changes in basement membranes of the amino(rennr?) tubual 13. What is known as the most common inherited disease that affects the kidneys? -polycystic kidney disease
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review5 - 1. Which type of diuretic does not cause...

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