660 SCHOOL COUNSELING COLLABORATIVE MODEL.docx -...

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Component #1 Professional Identity ERFORD 1 and 3 ASCA model 1) Grounded in knowledge of history and trends in the profession, student describes roles and functions of the contemporary professional school counselor in relation to others within and outside of the school in planning and implementing a collaborative model for school counseling. The school counselor’s role has changed throughout history. Previously, there was a focus of a school counselor was on vocational guidance. (Erford, 2019). Until about the 1950’s, there were few school counselors in the schools and there was limited preparation and schooling for school counseling (Erford, 2019). While in the 1950’s, the role of the school counselor was seen as providing guidance and viewed as giving advice to students and maintaining student records, including keeping track of schedules and progress in class (Erford, 2019). With the development of groups such as the ASCA and legislation, the role of the school counselor began to change as support and funds were designated for guidance and counseling (Erford, 2019). While there was still an emphasis on vocation guidance in the school, development of other materials covering a variety of topics such as prevention, and self-development became available to those in the role of the school counselor (Erford, 2019). With the Civil Rights movements and mainstreaming of special education, the school counselor had to focus on the diversity in school and meeting the needs of the various populations (Erford, 2019). With the implementation of the American School Counseling Association (ASCA) National Model, the role of the school counselor is called to be a leader, consultant, collaborator, and advocate (ACSA, 2019). The ASCA National Model calls for the school counselor to provide a comprehensive school counseling program that aids all students in achieving success (ASCA, 2019). The school counselor provides a school wide core counseling curriculum, individual student planning, responsive counseling services, and systems support services (Erford, 2019). Through consultation and collaboration, the school counselor works with parents, teachers, administration, school psychologists, and outside agencies to provide students with appropriate programs to aid in academic success (Erford, 2019). The school counselor can aid the teachers in implementing strategies in the classroom. Collaboration and consultation also results in school and community members becoming aware of institutional barriers and exploring solutions (Erford, 2019). 2) Student demonstrates an understanding of professional credentials, associations, organizations, preparation standards, and the ASCA National Model in advocating for an appropriate professional identity and collaborative program. Being a part of professional organizations can be very beneficial to the school counselor. Many of these organizations provide resources and trainings as well as provide standards and advocates for collaboration and the appropriate professional identity. These organizations include the

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