Chapter 9 - Chapter 9 Types of reasoning Definitions Degree...

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Chapter 9- Types of reasoning Definitions: Degree of Cogency- the extent to which an argument is both sounds and intellectually compelling because it is well founded in fact, logic, or rationality. Cogency Continuum Absolute A Scintilla Truth Of Truth I________________I___________________________________I_________________I Certainty …………..Probability ………….Plausibility ……..……Possibility………….. Analogy, reasoning by- the process of making a comparison be tween two similar cases and inferring that what is true in one case is true in the other. Questions: 1) Are there significant points of similarity? 2) Are the points of similarity critical to the comparison? 3) Are the points of difference non-critical? 4) Is the reasoning cumulative? 5) Are only literal analogies used as logical proof? Example, reasoning by- The process of inferring conclusions from specific cases. Questions: 1) Is the example Relevant? 2) Is there a reasonable number of examples? 3) Do the examples cover a critical period of time?
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