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WYNTKU_Ch_23 - What You Need to Know and Understand Ch. 23...

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What You Need to Know and UnderstandCh. 23 – Metabolism, Nutrition, and EnergeticsNutrition1.Define anutrient.molecules intosmallerones and releases energyi.Generally anexergonic reactionb.Anabolism: synthesisprocessesuses energy toconvert small moleculesinto large onesi.Generally an
2.List the six main types of nutrients.endergonic reactionc.Which one of the above
b.What are the energy yields,in terms ofkilocalories/gram, of eachnutrient type?processes isexergonicandwhich one isendergonic?i.Catabolism isExergonicii.Anabolism isendergonic
3.Why are some nutrients calledessentialand othernon-essential?4.Explain the difference between afat-solubleandwater-solublevitamin.5.Name thefat-soluble vitaminsd.Give an example of anexergonic and endergonicchemical reaction inmetabolism.
and explain why fat-solublevitamins can reach toxic levels inthe body when they’reoverconsumed.7.ExplainMetabolism.
6.ExplainCatabolismandAnabolism.a.Catabolism: breakdown8.products ofATPcatabolism?
processconverts large
9.According to your text, what is theefficiencyof catabolic reactionsused to generate ATP?
10.Know the definitions of thefollowing terms:

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Cellular Respiration, Adenosine triphosphate, B Anabolism

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