STAMP ACT PAPER - Johnson 1 Peter Johnson Tues Thurs –...

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Johnson 1 Peter Johnson Tues Thurs – 12:45 Dr. Salvucci Pledged : Peter Johnson “... [A]t the close of the Seven Years’ War no living soul in Massachusetts could foresee  the coming separation from Great Britain, and no one desired it.  With the conclusion of  the war in 1763, American commitment to the empire reached its zenith.”    (Fred Anderson, A People’s Army , p. 23) On April 19, 1775 an unordered ‘shot heard around the world’ began the American Revolution. What occurred in the short twelve years between 1763 and 1775 that brought about such a vast change in American dedication to its mother country? The arrival of peace in 1763 at the closure of the Seven Years War was by no means free for the British Empire. In those dark seven years, the national debt nearly doubled and merely paying the interest would require the heaviest burden of taxation that British citizens had seen. In addition, the new lands that Britain had acquired would require defense from possible attacks from French or Indian troops. This cost along with rising peacetime costs found members of Parliament looking for some ways to get the British Empire out of its increasingly desperate situation. On the arrival of the summer of 1763, the brother-in-law of the famed William Pitt, George Grenville came into office as Prime Minister. Grenville, along with his successors, would spend the next 7 years trying to overcome the monstrous debt that Britain had accumulated. In
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Johnson 2 trying to decide how to pay off the debt, Grenville realized that he had a considerable pool of capital that they had yet to exploit. In the following seven years, the prime ministers would force taxes in numerous ways on the colonies. These came in the forms of taxes on sugar, molasses, paper, trade, and other
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STAMP ACT PAPER - Johnson 1 Peter Johnson Tues Thurs –...

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