PHIL 2 Notes Week 11

Insufficient means when in exerting any passion in

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Unformatted text preview: ble Only in a Figurative Sense  ­ A passions can be called unreasonable in only 2 senses, and both are just figures of speech  ­ [1] False supposition – when the passion is founded on the supposition of the existence of objects, which really do not exist  ­ [2] Insufficient Means – when in exerting any passion in action, we choose means sufficient for the designed end, and deceive ourselves in our judgment of causes and effects  ­ So a passion can be called unreasonable or contrary to reason only so far as it is ‘accompanied with some false judgment… and even then it is not the passion, properly speaking, which is unreasonable, but the judgment’ Passions Cannot Be Unreasonable In a Meaningful Sense  ­ Reason cannot judge the passions except in the limited instrumental senses just discussed: where a passion is neither founded on false suppositions, nor chooses means insufficient for the end, the understanding can neither justify nor condemn it  ­ Reason cannot judge / evaluate / appraise our choices, goals, preferences and values – reason is about the means vs. passions are about the ends  ­ 3 vivid examples: o It is not contrary to reason to prefer the destruction of the whole world to the scratching of my finger o It is not contrary to reason for me to choose my total ruin, to prevent the least uneasiness of an Indian, or person wholly unknown to me o It is as litt...
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