Major Exam #1.pdf - Sofia Gurrola ID 825560925 Philosophy...

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Sofia Gurrola ID: 825560925 Philosophy 102 1. Based on your reading of Plato’s Apology explain fully and clearly each of the following: A. Socrates was a rationalist and believed that the best life and the life most suited to human nature involved reasoning. Socrates believed that nobody willingly chooses to do wrong. Socrates is clearly saying that learning and philosophy consists of asking questions but he is also saying that the daily investigation of virtue or morality is a central aspect of the examined life.Socrates declares the just city complete. Since this city has been created to be the best city possible, we can be sure that it has all the virtues. In order to define these virtues, all we need to do is look into our city and identify them. B. The real meaning of the Delphic Oracle’s pronouncement that “no man can be wiser than Socrates” is not to say that no man has the knowledge that Socrates has but to instead state that others simply like to say that they hold this knowledge of things when in reality they don’t. Socrates doesn’t act like he knows about a subject when he doesn’t. C. There is a big significance of the gadfly analogy because a gadfly is a person who will interfere with the norms of a society, they are the people who are not afraid to ask new and unusual questions that tend to upset some people .Socrates compares himself to a gadfly because for one in his metaphor Athens is the horse that is “somewhat sluggish” and he believes that he is what Athens needs for them to move forward and push them into action. By acting like a gadfly to Athens

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