Chapter 6_deviance_crime.doc - Chapter 6 \u2013 Deviance Crime Social Control Study guide These come from the PoowerPoints and the E-text You should be

Chapter 6_deviance_crime.doc - Chapter 6 u2013 Deviance...

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Chapter 6 – Deviance, Crime & Social Control - Study guide These come from the PoowerPoints and the E-text You should be familiar with the following terms and concepts, and be able to apply them to examples: - Social control, including; Informal social control (Informal sanctions) & Formal social control (formal sanctions) - (hint: more in Chapter 2) - ridicule or ostracism can realign a straying individual towards norms. Informal sanctions may include shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval. - Formal- A sanction that is officially recognized by an authority and enforced. - What are norms (in reference to deviance)? o Predicable behavior - What are norms? Folkways, mores and taboos? (Hint: given in lecture, more in Chapter 2) - Folkways- refers to the simple traditions or etiquette, not strictly enforced o Ex. Saying please and thank you, holding the door o If you don’t do this you wont get in trouble, but you will get weird looks - Mores- norms based on broad social morals whos infraction would generate more serious social condemnation, strictly enforced because they are thought essential to core values or the well being of the group o Ex. Swearing at a kid in public, sex before marriage, stealing, raping, killing o Worse thing that can happen is be asked not to come back, told its offensice - Laws- the strongest social norms supported by codified social sanctions (brings extreme sanctions, even revolusion, if violated o Ex. Canibalism, punishment by prison, banishment, or death o Strongest social norm, formal sanction, punishment, legal ones, and house ones - What Causes Deviance, and why is it Functional for Society? - physical illness and learned deviance - Why is it functional o clarifies moral boundaries - Reaffirms norms - Encourages unity - Promotes social change - Conformity and Obedience (hint: more in chapter 5) Conformity=going along with peers who have no special right to direct our behavior o No real authority over you, going along or not going along with the norm Obedience= compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure o Obey parents because punishment o Perceived authority figure- obey even if it is not a big punishment - Definition of Deviance Violation of widely accepted social norms o Exists in every socity o Different in each society (culturally related) o Within a society Changes overtime, with actor, situation, audience o Not obey the rules of consistent patterns Rules of the elevator o Not obeying rules is deviancy not a + or a -- - Stigma “blemishes” that discredit a persons claim to a “normal” identity o Violations of norms of appearance (big nose), norms of ability (blind) o
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