Comm Chapter 1 - Comm Chapter 1 Critical Thinking Critical...

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Comm Chapter 1- Critical Thinking Critical thinking enables one to break argumentation down to its component parts in order to evaluate its relative validity and strength. Critical thinkers are better users of information, as well as better advocates. Our success or failure in life is largely determined by our ability to make wise decisions for ourselves and to influence the decisions of others in ways that are beneficial to us. Decisions should be justified by good reasons based on accurate evidence and valid reasoning. Argumentation is reason giving in communicative situations by people whose purpose is the justification of acts, beliefs, attitudes and values. Good Reasons may be defined as “reasons which are psychologically compelling for a given audience, which make further inquiry both unnecessary and redundant—hence justifying a decision to affirm or reject a proposition. Note that good reasons for one audience may not be good reasons for another audience. A debater needs to discover the justificatroy activities that the decision renderers will accept and to develop the good reasons that will lead them to agree with the desired conclusion—or, or course, to reject the reasons advanced by an opponent.
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