Ch 11 REVIEW.pdf - III The Decline of the Church A Boniface...

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III. The Decline of the Church A. Boniface VIII and the Conflict with the State a. Struggle between papacy and secular monarchy started during pontificate of pope boniface VIII b. Philip claimed right to tax clergy as king c. Boniface responded that clergy cannot pay taxes bc secular ruler d. Also there was basic conflict between claims of the papacy to authority over both church and state e. fundamental issue was universal sovereignty of papacy vs royal sovereignty of monarch f. Boniface added his position in series of papal bulls, most important was Unam Sanctam g. Pope decided to act on principles by excommunicating Philip, Phil sent small contingent of French forces to acquire pope and bring him to France for trial h. Pope was captured in Anagni, but Italian nobles from surrounding countryside saved him i. This showed that national monarchy was 100% no cap undoubtedly greater than the papacy j. Phil brought more pressure to bear on college of cardinals to elect a Frenchman as pope in 1305 k. New pope Clement V took residence in Avignon because Rome was chaos l. He and successors stayed in Avignon for later years to come B. The Papacy at Avignon (1305-1377) a. Because pope lived in Avignon, prestige was worn out b. This led to anti-papal sentiment and more people rebelling c. Rome was the traditional capital, so it was conspicuous how the leader of catholic lived elsewhere d. 1330s, popes constructed stately palace in Avignon, clear indication that they wanted out e. Also was widely believed that popes in Avignon were captives of france’s monarchy f. But this was unconfirmable since avignon didn't belong to french monarchy g. During 72 years of Avignon papacy, 113//134 cardinals were french h. Like monarchical states popes centralized administratorship by developing

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