Unformatted text preview: 1 Prisons, Punishment & Corrections C115 Winter 2008
Types of prisons Who is in prisons Prison violence Prison programming 3 2 CALIFORNIA
33 Prisons 11 reception centers 4 SHU facilities 4 Women's Facilities Women' 2 death rows 172,000 inmates 4 Prison Security Levels: a Caveat
there are no national design or classification "standards" regarding different standards" levels of security a "maximum" security prison in one state may appear much like a "medium" security maximum" medium" prison in another prison crowding has further blurred the distinction between maximum & medium security maximum prisons, even within a state 5 "Maximum Security"
prison designed, organized, & operated to minimize the possibility of escapes & violence; imposes strict limitations on the movement & freedom of inmates & visitors 6 Maximum Security Prison
Cal. State Prison, Sacramento--"new Folsom" Sacramento--" Folsom" 7 "Medium Security"
prison designed, organized, & operated to prevent escapes & violence, but in which restrictions on inmates & visitors are less rigid than in maximum security facilities 1 8 Medium Security Prison
California State Prison, Solano 9 "Minimum Security"
prison designed, organized, & operated to permit inmates & visitors as much freedom as is consistent with the concept of incarceration 10 Minimum Security Prison
California Institution for Men, Chino 11 The "Super-max"
created to house the "worst of the worst"--incorrigible, violent, assaultive, worst" --incorrigible, assaultive, disruptive inmates, & prison gang members-- who require close & constant members-supervision house 100,000 men (8 -10% of total in custody) created by federal government; 38 states Administrative Maximum Facility (ADX) Florence, Colorado Pelican Bay State Prison (SHU) Northern Correctional Institute -- Connecticut 12 Pelican Bay State Prison Crescent City, Ca ("super-max") super- max" California Prison Processing California Classification System Outline
Types of prisons Who is in prisons Prison violence Prison programming 13 14 15 16 State Prisoner Profile Inmate Gender
State Prisoner Profile Age 17 18 State Prisoner Profile Education 2 19 State Prisoner Profile Offense State Prisoner Profile Criminal Record 20 21 "Race"
traditionally, a biological concept used to distinguish humankind into categories related to skin color & other physical features 22 "Ethnicity"
concept used to distinguish people according to their cultural characteristics--language, characteristics--language, religion, & group traditions ethnicity can be used to further distinguish not only among white individuals, but among African Americans, as well Americans, it can also be used to even further subdivide Hispanics
23 24 Race/Ethnicity of US Inmates
Incarceration Rates for Males Racial/ethnic groups 25 % of Black Men in Prison
vs. % in U.S. population 26 94% of all prisons in the US are STATE prisons Prison Inmate Personal Characteristics
Young (although older inmates are now more common) Single Poorly Educated, Poor Health Male (although females rising) Minority group members These characteristics have always been true 27 28 Other Characteristics of U.S. Prisoners
5% are not U.S. citizens (CA. is 15%) 45% report living in single parent (mostly mother) household while growing up while 18% report being mentally ill 25% report their parents abused drugs or alcohol 40% of females report being physically or sexually abused prior to prison 40% say family members also served time 3 29 Outline
Types of prisons Who is in prisons Prison violence Prison programming 30 31 32 Bases of Inmate Violence
Causes of Prison Violence Strategies for Reducing Violence in Prison
improve classification separate violence-prone inmates from others violencecreate opportunities for fearful inmates to seek staff assistance increase custody staff size, diversity, training redesign facilities improve surveillance; eliminate `blind spots' spots' use smaller institutions install grievance mechanisms or ombudsman augment rewards system to reduce pains of imprisonment 33 "Unit Management" organizational tactic for reducing prison violence by dividing facilities into a number of small, self-contained, semi-autonomous `institutions' Outline
Types of prisons Who is in prisons Prison violence Prison programming 34 35 "Prison program" any formal, structured activity that takes prisoners out of their cells and sets them to instrumental tasks Benefits of Institutional Programs
help manage time improve inmates' lives inmates' improve liklihood of parole reduce inmate boredom, tension, hostility boredom, tension, maintain safety and security of prison produce goods & services keep prison functional and operating offer incentives for good inmate behavior 36 4 keep prison time from becoming `dead time' time'
37 38 5 Types of Prison Programs Factors Limiting Potential Prison Programs
security need to minimize ability of inmates to obtain weapons or contraband also limits potential effectiveness of some programs (eg, group therapy) which require meaningful (eg, inmate interaction principle of least eligibility prisoners can't have it `better' than citizens can' better' eg, elimination of inmate Pell grants (college) eg, classification risk of escape, violence, future criminality 5 ...
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- Winter '08
- California State Prison, Pelican Bay State Prison Crescent City, Colorado Pelican Bay State Prison, Prison violence Prison