02_phonetics

02_phonetics - 1 Phones Phones are unitary segments of the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Phones Phones are unitary segments of the speech stream They are represented by IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. 2 Speech physiology 2 Speech physiology 2 Speech physiology 2 Speech physiology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 2 Speech physiology 2 Speech physiology 2 Speech physiology 2.1 Pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism In order to create sound, air must move through the vocal organs. The way in which air is moved in a speech sound is called an airstream mechanism Pulmonic: air from the lungs Egressive: air moving out This is the most common mechanism in the world’s languages: every language uses it 2.1 Pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism 2.2 Voiced and voiceless phones The vocal folds are two pieces of fleshy tissue inside the larynx. When the vocal folds are far apart, air can flow freely through the larynx, as in normal breathing. Speech sounds made this way are called voiceless. When the vocal folds are close together, air passing between them causes them to vibrate and create sound. Sounds made this way are called voiced. You can feel the vibration of the vocal folds during a voiced sound by putting your finger on your larynx (aka voice box, Adam’s apple).
Background image of page 2
3 2.3 Oral and nasal phones When the velum is down, air can go out
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 8

02_phonetics - 1 Phones Phones are unitary segments of the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online