3_phones_and_phonemes

3_phones_and_phonemes - Phones and Phonemes 1. Broad and...

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Phones and Phonemes 1. Broad and narrow phonetic writing In phonetic writing, linguists have a choice as to how detailed the transcription of speech is. • Example 1: coronal nasal consonants The point of articulation of a coronal nasal [n] changes according to its environment. [n] (alveolar): [nåw] [n∞] (dental) : [t´n∞†] [¯] (retroflex): [ \ r ¯ ] [n§] (syllabic): [b\tn§] • Example 2: high front lax vowels The ‘manner’ of articulation of a high front lax vowel [ ˆ ] changes according to its environment. [ ˆ ]: [s ˆt] [ ˆ~ ] (nasalized): [k ˆ~ n] [ ˆ… ] (lengthened): [b ˆ…d ] ≤] (voiceless): [æntˆsˆ ≤pet] [ ˆ ] (raised): [ f\ n ˆ ] • Narrow vs. broad phonetic writing Anticipate the tenth bid [æ~nt˙ˆsˆ ≤p˙et∂\t˙´~n∞† b ˆ…d ] (narrow) [æntˆsˆpet∂\t´n† b ˆd ] (broad) Grandes rasgos (Spanish) ‘broad features/terms’ [g an desraz © os] (narrow) [g an dehrah © os] [g andesra sg os] (broad) 2. Phonemic writing • Contrast Contrastive fetures : not required by neighboring phones, used to distinguish meanings.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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3_phones_and_phonemes - Phones and Phonemes 1. Broad and...

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