04_morphology

04_morphology - MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY...

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Unformatted text preview: MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY 1. 1. 1. 1. Morphemes Morphemes Morphemes Morphemes • Morpheme : a sign of language— association of form (sequence of phonemes) and meaning Example: The chickens cannot fly Form Meaning & Category /ðƽ/ ‘definite article’ /čıkǩn/ 'chicken, NOUN' /z/ 'plural' /kæn/ 'possibility, AUX' /nǡt/ 'negation' /flǡj/ 'fly, VERB' 2. 2. 2. 2. Morph, morpheme, allomorph Morph, morpheme, allomorph Morph, morpheme, allomorph Morph, morpheme, allomorph • Morphemes may have more than one phonemic form, called allomorphs Morph- Allo- Distribut- Example eme morphs ion indef. /ǩ/ before C 'a plum' article /ǩn/ before V 'an apple' plural /ǩz/ after sibilant 'buses', 'judges' /s/ after voice- 'clocks', 'boats' less C /z/ elsewhere 'days', 'hours' exit /ǫksıt/ free variat- /ǫgzıt/ ion • Morphs are classified according to a. Category b. Form c. Meaning 3. Category 3. Category 3. Category 3. Category • Words can be simple or complex a. Simple word: a word consisting of a single morpheme b. Complex word: a word consisting of two or more morphemes. simple words: sea, shell, big, happy complex words: seashell, bigger, unhappy...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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04_morphology - MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY MORPHOLOGY...

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