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Unformatted text preview: The Lexicon and Morphological Rules 1. Lexicon The LEXICON is a cross classified repository of morphemes and lexemes, a mental dictionary or thesaurus • Organization of the lexicon Words and morphemes in the mental dictionary are related to each other in different ways: a. Rhyme: here ~ near ~ fear b. Initial sound: rough ~ write c. Synonyms: smart ~ clever ~ intelligent d. Antonyms: smart ~ stupid/dumb e. Field: cat ~ tiger ~ feline f. Context: towel ~ toothbrush ~ magazine g. Part of speech: soon ~ quietly ~ already h. Spelling: winter ~ write ~ who • Lexical morphology: parts of speech in English and Amharic Besides ‘notional’ properties, parts of speech are characterized by formal properties. English Amharic NOUNS definiteness the cat bet- u ‘house-the’ possessive cat’ s je paulos ‘POSS-Paul’ negative non sense--- VERBS past tense talk ed &¡¢££¢¤¥¡¦§¨§¨©ª broke-2.F/2.M/1 agent talk er &¡¢££«¤¥¬ª ‘breaker’ negative dis like--- iterative (reduplication)--- &¡¢£«££¢¤¢ª ‘he broke here and there’ c. Adjectives a. Comparisons: a....
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- Winter '08
- Grammatical number, Marta, intensifiers, SPAN. como, /-m/