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Unformatted text preview: The Lexicon and Morphological Rules 1. Lexicon The LEXICON is a cross classified repository of morphemes and lexemes, a mental dictionary or thesaurus Organization of the lexicon Words and morphemes in the mental dictionary are related to each other in different ways: a. Rhyme: here ~ near ~ fear b. Initial sound: rough ~ write c. Synonyms: smart ~ clever ~ intelligent d. Antonyms: smart ~ stupid/dumb e. Field: cat ~ tiger ~ feline f. Context: towel ~ toothbrush ~ magazine g. Part of speech: soon ~ quietly ~ already h. Spelling: winter ~ write ~ who Lexical morphology: parts of speech in English and Amharic Besides notional properties, parts of speech are characterized by formal properties. English Amharic NOUNS definiteness the cat bet- u house-the possessive cat s je paulos POSS-Paul negative non sense--- VERBS past tense talk ed & broke-2.F/2.M/1 agent talk er & breaker negative dis like--- iterative (reduplication)--- & he broke here and there c. Adjectives a. Comparisons: a....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.
- Winter '08