07_phrase_structure_rules

07_phrase_structure_rules - Phrase Structure Rules 1....

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1 Phrase Structure Rules 1. Grammatical rules and phrase structure • Grammars specify the possible phrase structures of a language by means of rules Phrase structure : the combination of words into phrases and phrases into sentences. May be represented as a syntactic tree. Syntactic rules : Conditions or instructions to get the ‘legal’ combinations. May be rendered in prose or formal notation. Grammatical rules and phrase structure 1. A sentence consists of a subject and a predicate. S NP VP Grammatical rules and phrase structure 2. A noun may be modified by an adjective NP (A) N Grammatical rules and phrase structure 3. Every predicate has a verb VP V (. ..) Grammatical rules and phrase structure S NP VP NP N A NP N VP V VP V {S, NP} a. b. c. d. e.
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2 Grammatical rules and phrase structure • In formal notation the arrow ( ) may mean consists of or is rewritten as. • A grammatical sentence is licensed or generated by the syntactic rules. Heads, Specifiers, and Modifiers (Complements) • Head: a category X that can be expanded as a phrase XP. X is a necessary constituent of XP. • Modifier: a category (or phrase) such as Adj,
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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07_phrase_structure_rules - Phrase Structure Rules 1....

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