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Unformatted text preview: 1 Child language learning • There are general characteristics of child language learning • Children appear to follow the same “learning program” • Children progress regularly through similar stages of learning 1 Four characteristics of child language learning Four characteristics of learning are universal: • Typicality • Spontaneity • Similarity from child to child • Creativity 1.1 Typicality Children learn language typically: • Learning language is the norm. It is not a rarity. • Learning language is not universal to humans. There are exceptions: – Physiological handicaps may prevent language learning – Settings in which the child has no exposure to language may prevent learning. 1.2 Similarity of language learning Children learn language similarly—they go through the same stages regardless of which language they are learning: • Babbling (6 months) • First words (1 year) • First grammatical morphemes (2 years) • Basic mastery (4 years) • Continued learning, especially of the lexicon (throughout life) 1.3 Spontaneity of language learning s Children learn language spontaneously. s There is innate motivation to learn language s No formal instruction is necessary 1.4 Creativity Children learning language are creative • foots • eated • Jem a boy, not a girl. • Mommy no beard. 2 2 Stages in the learning of English • Children learning English tend to go through certain predictable stages. • These stages are characteristic of children learning other languages as well (though details will vary). 2.1 Language readiness Before the first words, there is evidence of readiness or preparation for language: • Evidence of spontaneity • Evidence of similarity • Evidence of creativity...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 01 taught by Professor Orgun during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.
- Winter '08