09_explaining_acquisition

09_explaining_acquisition - Explaining child language 1...

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Explaining child language 1. Conditioned-response learning A stimulus produces a response . Reinforcement of aspects of the stimulus produce a conditioning in the response. Examples: Pavlov’s dog, pupilar reflex. 1. 1. For conditioned-response learning Certain behaviour is learned this way (i.e. buckle up when getting in the car). Parents give reinforcement to the child’s linguis- tic behaviour. Look at daddy! Where’s mommy? Where’s mommy? 1. 2. Against conditioned-response learning First words are unexpected, not result of condi- tioning by the parents. Pudding! Antipodes! Unheard forms (i.e. overgeneralizations) are never present in the stimulus. goed (< went), menses (< men) Comprehension precedes production, and cannot be reinforced. Parents ‘reinforce’ baby-talk! 2. Imitation 2. 1. For learning by imitation Certain behaviour is learned by imitation (ges- tures, accent, intonation). caregivers stimulate the child to repeat their words. Features of caregiver talk: a. Exaggerated intonation b. Slow rate, careful pronunciation c. Simple syntax d. Proper N for pronoun e. Abundant questions, commands
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09_explaining_acquisition - Explaining child language 1...

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