Rice, Thomas Jackson. "The Perceptual Model."
Joyce, Chaos, and Complexity
Urbana: University of Illinois, 1997. 13-24. Print.
Proposition: Every story deals with vision, or lack of vision, as the characters and readers
alike try to translate the stories into reality.
Goal: The goal is to show how Joyce uses the perceptual model of cognition as defined
by the author.
Plan: Rice plans to state his proposition and then follow it up with examples from each
story. He then analyzes the stories to propose new premises.
Audience: The audience is people who read some of Joyce’s work and wishes to better
analyze the stories.
Every story deals with vision, or lack of vision, as the characters and readers alike try to
translate the stories into reality. In “The Sisters,” the boy looks upon Father Flynn as he
lay dead and finally realizes that he cannot fight death. In “An Encounter,” the boy
visually realizes the dangers of perverted men when he meets the “gaze of an old josser’s
pair of bottle-green eyes.” The boy in “Araby” makes so many realizations about himself
while he gazes up into darkness. This directly compares to Eveline’s blank stare in